Steve Bay

Steven M. Bay is the head of SCCWRP’s Toxicology Department and specializes in investigating the linkage between chemical contamination and biological effects. He received his B.S. in marine biology in 1976 and M.S. in biology in 1982, both from California State University, Long Beach. Bay joined SCCWRP in August 1980. His present research focuses on developing methods to assess the impacts of sediment contamination on marine life, improving methods to identify the cause of toxicity, developing bioaccumulation models, and determining the effects of contaminants of emerging concern on aquatic life.

Education

B.S., Marine Biology, California State University, Long Beach, 1976

M.S. Biology, California State University, Long Beach, 1982

Areas of Expertise

Bay directs research to understand the effects of contaminants on aquatic life and to develop toxicity test methods having improved sensitivity and ecological relevance. His current research includes projects to develop sediment quality assessment methods, improve Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) methods, evaluate the impacts of contaminants of emerging concern on fish, and develop molecular methods to improve environmental monitoring. Bay also works closely with California environmental management agencies to improve approaches for water and sediment quality assessment. Current activities in this area include a multi-year project to develop the technical foundation for assessing sediment quality in bays and estuaries as part of the sediment quality objectives program for the California Water Resources Control Board. Bay’s diverse experience and training includes molecular toxicology, bioaccumulation modeling, statistical analysis, invertebrate taxonomy, field biology, animal culture, physiology, and radioisotope techniques.

Professional Experience

Principal Scientist, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA. 1980-Present

Biologist, US Army Corps of Engineers. Los Angeles, CA. 1980

Instructor, Fullerton College. Fullerton, CA. 1978

Teaching Assistant, California State University, Long Beach. Long Beach, CA. 1977-1979

Research Assistant, Reish Marine Studies Inc. Los Alamitos, CA. 1977-1978

Research Assistant, University of Southern California. Los Angeles, CA. 1976-1977

Honors and Awards

Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board Water Quality Award for Research (2002)

Southern California Toxicity Assessment Group Award for Outstanding Contribution (1995)

Kenneth L. Johnson Award for Outstanding Graduate Research - California State University Long Beach (1982)

Summa Cum Laude - California State University Long Beach (1976)

President's Honor List - California State University Long Beach (1972-1976)

Professional Appointments

Joint Task Group for Echinoderm Fertilization and Development Test section of Standard Methods - American Water Works Association (Chair)

Santa Monica Bay Restoration Commission Technical Advisory Committee (Chair)

Reviewer for Environmental Science and Technology, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Marine Environmental Research, and Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management

Professional Societies and Certifications

Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Selected Presentations and Conference Proceedings

Bay, S.M. 2018. Development and Implementation of a Sediment Quality Assessment Framework for Protection of Benthic Communities in Bays and Estuaries. Presented at the SoCal SETAC Annual Meeting. Los Angeles, CA.

Bay, S.M., D. Gillett, K. Schiff, A. Parks. 2017. Implementing a Standardized Weight of Evidence Approach for Sediment Quality Assessment and Management in California: Lessons Learned from Regional Monitoring and TMDLs. Presented at the SETAC North America Annual Meeting. Minneapolis, MN.

Bay, S.M., N. Dodder, D. Gillett, K. Schiff. 2017. Regional Trends in Sediment Quality in Southern California: Responses to Multiple Stressors. Presented at the ACS Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Bay, S.M., P. Myre, A. Bess. 2016. SEDAG Spiked Sediment Database: A New Resource for Sediment Toxicology Data Discovery and Synthesis. Presented at the SETAC North America Annual Meeting. Orlando, FL.

Bay, S. and B. Greenfield. 2011. Translating Tissue Contamination to Sediment Quality Objectives in California Bays and Estuaries. Presented at the SETAC North America Annual Meeting. Boston, MA.

Bay, S. and C. Vulpe. 2011. Development of a Gene Expression Approach for Sediment Toxicity Identification. Presented at the SETAC North America Annual Meeting. Boston, MA.

Bay, S. 2011. Development of Cooperative Regional Monitoring Programs in Southern California. Presented at Canadian Water Network Annual Meeting. Ottawa, Canada.

Bay, S. and B. Greenfield. 2011. Development of Sediment Quality Objectives for Human Health in California. Presented at International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments. New Orleans, LA.

Bay, S., C. Vulpe, J. Ryan, F. Van Dolah. 2011. Development of Molecular Tools for Identifying Contaminant and Non-Contaminant Stressors in Sediment Toxicity Tests. Presented at International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments. New Orleans, LA.

Bay, S. and A.E. Fetscher. Sediment Contamination and Biological Effects Relationships in California's Sacramento and San Joaquin River Delta. Presented at the ACS Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao, S. Lowe and B. Phillips. 2010. Impacts of pyrethroid pesticides on sediment quality and management in California estuaries. Presented at the SETAC North America Annual Meeting. Portland, OR.

Publications


Journal Articles

Greenstein, D.J., A.N. Parks, S.M. Bay. 2018. Using spatial and temporal variability data to optimize sediment toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) study designs. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 15:248-258.

Mehinto, A.C., K.J. Kroll, B.S. Jayasinghe, C.M. Lavelle, D. VanDervort, O.K. Adeyemo, S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya, N.D. Denslow. 2018. Linking In Vitro Estrogenicity to Adverse Effects in the Inland Silverside (Menidia beryllina). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 37:884-892.

Chen, C., M.O. Gribble, J. Bartroff, S.M. Bay, L. Goldstein. 2017. The Sequential Probability Ratio Test: An efficient alternative to exact binomial testing for Clean Water Act 303(d) evaluation. Journal of Environmental Management 192:89-93.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, S.L. Moore, B. Layton, A.C. Mehinto, C.D. Vulpe, M. Brown-Augustine, A. Loguinov, H. Poynton, N. Garcia-Reyero, E.J. Perkins, L. Escalon, N.D. Denslow, C.R. Colli-Dula, T. Doan, S. Shukradas, J. Bruno, L. Brown, G. Van Agglen, P. Jackman, M. Bauer. 2016. Ecotoxicogenomics: Microarray interlaboratory comparability. Chemosphere 144:193-200.

Schiff, K.C., L.L. Tiefenthaler, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 2016. Effects of Rainfall Intensity and Duration on the First Flush from Parking Lots. Water 8:320.

Greenfield, B.K., A.R. Melwani, S.M. Bay. 2015. A tiered assessment framework to evaluate human health risk of contaminated sediment. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 11:459-473.

Bay, S.M. 2015. Water Resources: Toxics TMDLs. Urban Coast 5:22-28.

Bay, S.M., M. Dojiri, J. Gully. 2015. Habitat Conditions: Soft-Bottom Benthos. Urban Coast 5:108-115.

Judd, N., Y. Lowney, P. Anderson, S. Baird, S.M. Bay, J. Breidt, M. Buonanduci, Z. Dong, D. Essig, M.R. Garry, R.C. Jim, G. Kirkwood, S.L. Moore, C. Niemi, R. O'Rourke, B. Ruffle, L.A. Schaider, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch. 2015. Fish Consumption as a Driver of Risk-Management Decisions and Human Health-Based Water Quality Criteria. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 34:2427-2436.

Bay, S.M., R. Hoenicke, K.A. Maruya. 2015. Water Resources: Contaminants of Emerging Concern. Urban Coast 5:35-40.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, D.L. Young, S. Asato, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao. 2014. The use of sediment toxicity identification evaluation methods to evaluate clean up targets in an urban estuary. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 10:260-268.

Vidal- Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, M.E. Baker, G. Hardiman, J.A. Reyes, K.M. Kelley, D. Schlenk. 2014. Biological responses of marine flatfish exposed to municipal wastewater effluent. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33:583-591.

Dorsch, D.E., R.C. Colli-Dula, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, L. Wilborg, D. Petschauer, N.D. Denslow. 2013. Gene expression of fathead minnows exposed to two types of treated municipal wastewater effluents. Environmental Science and Technology 47:11268-11277.

Baker, M.E., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, C. Ribecco, L.J. Sprague, M. Angert, N. Lekmine, C. Ludka, A. Martella, E. Ricciardelli, S.M. Bay, J.R. Gully, K.M. Kelley, C. Schlenk, O. Carnevali, R. Sasik, G. Hardiman. 2013. Molecular analysis of endocrine disruption in hornyhead turbot at wastewater outfalls in southern California using a second generation multi-species microarray. PLoS ONE 8:e75553.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, C. Ribecco, L.J. Sprague, M. Angert, C. Ludka, E. Ricciardelli, O. Carnevali, D.J. Greenstein, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, J.A. Reyes, S. Snyder, B. Vanderford, L.C. Wiborg, D. Petschauer, R. Sasik, M. Baker, G. Hardiman. 2013. Genomic and phenotypic response of hornyhead turbot exposed to municipal wastewater effluents. Aquatic Research 140-141:174-184.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, M. Jacobe, C. Barton, K. Sakamoto, D. Young, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2013. Regional assessment of marine and estuarine sediment toxicity in Southern California, USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185:2055-2065.

Maruya, K.A., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, S.M. Bay, J.W. Kwon, K. Xia, K.L. Armbrust. 2012. Organic contaminants of emerging concern in sediments and flatfish collected near outfalls discharging treated wastewater effluent to the southern California Bight. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:2683-2688.

Beegan, C., S.M. Bay. 2012. Transitioning sediment quality assessment into regulations: Challenges and solutions in implementing California's sediment quality objectives. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 8:586-588.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay. 2012. Selection of methods for assessing sediment toxicity in California bays and estuaries. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 8:625-637.

Ritter, K.J., S.M. Bay, R.W. Smith, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, L.J. Field. 2012. Development and evaluation of sediment quality guidelines based on benthic macrofauna responses. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 8:610-624.

Bay, S.M., K.J. Ritter, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, L.J. Field. 2012. Comparison of national and regional sediment quality guidelines for classifying sediment toxicity in California. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 8:597-609.

Bay, S.M., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, K.A. Maruya, J.R. Gully. 2012. Integrated coastal effects study: synthesis of findings. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:2711-2722.

Reyes, J.A., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, D. Schlenk, S.M. Bay, J.L. Armstrong, J.R. Gully, C. Cash, M. Baker, T.D. Stebbins, G. Hardiman, K.M. Kelley. 2012. Evaluation of reproductive endocrine status in hornyhead turbot sampled from southern California's urbanized coastal environments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:2689-2700.

Lao, W., L.L. Tiefenthaler, D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, S.M. Bay, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2012. Pyrethroids in southern California coastal sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:1649-1656.

Forsgren, K.L., S.M. Bay, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, X. Deng, G. Lu, J. Armstrong, J.R. Gully, D. Schlenk. 2012. Annual and seasonal evaluation of reproductive status of hornyhead turbot at municipal wastewater outfalls in the Southern California Bight. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:2701-2710.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya, S.A. Snyder, R.A. Trenholm, B.J. Vanderford. 2012. Contaminants of emerging concern in municipal wastewater effluents and marine receiving water. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:2674-2682.

Bay, S.M., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch. 2012. Determining the impacts of contaminants of emerging concern in marine ecosystems. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:2672-2673.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, M.A. Mays, D.J. Greenstein, D. Young, J.C. Wolf, D. Pham, A.V. Loguinov, C. Vulpe. 2012. Using gene expression to assess the status of fish from anthropogenically influenced estuarine wetlands. Environmental Science and Technology 46:69-77.

Bay, S.M., S.B. Weisberg. 2012. Framework for interpreting sediment quality triad data. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 8:589-596.

Lao, W., D. Tsukada, D.J. Greenstein, S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya. 2010. Analysis, occurrence, and toxic potential of pyrethroids, and fibronil in sediments from an urban estuary. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29:843-851.

Maruya, K.A., E.Y. Zeng, D. Tsukada, S.M. Bay. 2009. A passive sampler based on solid-phase microextraction for quantifying hydrophobic organic contaminants in sediment pore water. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 28:733-740.

Kwon, J.-W., K.L. Armbrust, D. Vidal-Dorsch, S.M. Bay, K. Xia. 2009. Determination of 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol, carbamazepine, diazepam, simvastatin, and oxybenzone in fish livers. Journal of AOAC International 92:359-369.

Kayhanian, M., C. Stransky, S.M. Bay, S.-L. Lau, M.K. Stenstrom. 2008. Toxicity of urban highway runoff with respect to storm duration. Science of the Total Environment 389:386-406.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, B. Anderson, G.T. Chandler, J.D. Farrar, C. Keppler, B. Phillips, A. Ringwood, D. Young. 2008. Comparison of methods for evaluating acute and chronic toxicity in marine sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27:933-944.

Bay, S.M., W. Berry, P.M. Chapman, R. Fairey, T. Gries, E. Long, D. MacDonald, S.B. Weisberg. 2007. Evaluating consistency of best professional judgment in the application of a multiple lines of evidence sediment quality triad. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 3:491-497.

Vidal, D.E., S.M. Bay. 2005. Comparative sediment quality guideline performance for predicting sediment toxicity in southern California, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 24:3173-3182.

Vidal, D., S.M. Bay, D. Schlenk. 2005. Effects of dietary selenomethionine on larval Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 49:71-75.

Greenstein, D.J., L.L. Tiefenthaler, S.M. Bay. 2004. Toxicity of parking lot runoff after application of simulated rainfall. Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 47:199-206.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, A. Jirik, J.S. Brown, C. Alexander. 2003. Toxicity assessment of sediment cores from Santa Monica Bay, California. Marine Environmental Research 56:277-297.

Bay, S.M., E.Y. Zeng, T.D. Lorenson, K. Tran, C. Alexander. 2003. Temporal and spatial distributions of contaminants in sediments of Santa Monica Bay, California. Marine Environmental Research 56:255-276.

Bay, S.M., A. Jirik, S. Asato. 2003. Interlaboratory variability of amphipod sediment toxicity tests in a cooperative regional monitoring program. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 81:257-268.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay. 2003. Impacts of stormwater discharges on the nearshore benthic environment of Santa Monica Bay. Marine Environmental Research 56:225-243.

McGann, M., C.R. Alexander, S.M. Bay. 2003. Response of benthic foraminifers to sewage discharge and remediation in Santa Monica Bay, California. Marine Environmental Research 56:299-342.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay, D.W. Diehl. 2003. Stormwater toxicity in Chollas Creek and San Diego Bay, California. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 81:119-132.

Zeng, E.Y., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, C. Vista, C. Yu, K. Ritter. 2003. Toxic effects of polychlorinated biphenyl bioaccumulation in sea urchins exposed to contaminated sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22:1065-1074.

Roy, L.A., S. Steinert, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, Y. Sapozhnikova, O. Bawardi, I. Leifer, D. Schlenk. 2003. Biochemical effects of petroleum exposure in hornyhead turbot (pleuronichthys verticalis) exposed to a gradient of sediments collected from a natural petroleum seep in California, USA. Aquatic Toxicology 65:159-169.

Bay, S.M., B.H. Jones, K.C. Schiff, L. Washburn. 2003. Water quality impacts of stormwater discharges to Santa Monica Bay. Marine Environmental Research 56:205-223.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, W. Ray. 2001. Concentrations of methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in inputs and receiving waters of southern California. Marine Pollution Bulletin 42:957-966.

Schiff, K.C., M.J. Allen, E.Y. Zeng, S.M. Bay. 2000. Southern California. Marine Pollution Bulletin 41:76-93.

Schweitzer, L.E., S.M. Bay, I.H. Suffet. 2000. Dietary assimilatin of a polychlorinated biphenyl in adult sea urchins (Lytechinus pictus) and maternal transfer to their offspring. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19:1919-1924.

Schweitzer, L.E., J.E. Hose, I.H. Suffet, S.M. Bay. 1997. Differential toxicity of three polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in developing sea urchin embryos. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16:1510-1514.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, S.L. Lau, M.K. Stenstrom, C.G. Kelley. 1996. Toxicity of dry weather flow from the Santa Monica Bay watershed. Bulletin of Southern California Academy of Sciences 95:33-45.

Thompson, B., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, J. Laughlin. 1991. Sublethal effects of hydrogen sulfide in sediments on the urchin Lytechinus pictus. Marine Environmental Research 31:309-321.

Thompson, B., S.M. Bay. 1990. Understanding sediment toxicity off southern California. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2:1048-1050.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, P. Szalay, D.A. Brown. 1990. Exposure of scorpionfish (Scorpaena guttata) to cadmium: biochemical effects of chronic exposure. Aquatic Toxicology 16:311-320.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, G.P. Hershelman. 1990. Exposure of scorpionfish (Scorpaena guttata) to cadmium: effects of acute and chronic exposures on the cytosolic distribution of cadmium, copper, and zinc. Aquatic Toxicology 16:295-310.

Buchman, M.F., S.M. Bay, R.J. Breteler, R.S. Carr, P.M. Chapman, J.E. Hose, A.L. Lissner, J. Scott, D.A. Wolfe. 1990. Comparative evaluation of five toxicity tests with sediments from San Francisco Bay and Tomales Bay, California. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 9:1193-1214.

Nipper, M.G., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 1989. Short-and long-term sediment toxicity test methods with the amphipod Grandidierella japonica. Environmental Toxicology Chemistry 8:1191-1200.

Thompson, B.E., S.M. Bay, J.W. Anderson, J.D. Laughlin, D.J. Greenstein, D.T. Tsukada. 1989. Chronic effects of contaminated sediments on the urchin Lytechinus pictus. Environmental Toxicology Chemistry 8:629-637.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, P. Szalay, G.P. Hershelman, C.F. Ward, A.M. Westcott, J.N. Cross. 1987. Municipal wastewater contamination in the southern California Bight. Part II. Cystolic distribution of biochemical effects in fish livers. Marine Environmental Research 21:135-161.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, J.F. Alfafara, G.P. Hershelman, K.D. Rosenthal. 1984. Detoxification/toxification of cadmium in scorpionfish (Scorpaena guttata): acute exposure. Aquatic Toxicology 5:93-107.

Hose, J.E., H.W. Puffer, P.S. Oshida, S.M. Bay. 1983. Developmental and cytogenetic abnormalities induced in the purple sea urchin by environmental levels of benzo(a) pyrene. Archives of Environmental Contamination Toxicology 12:319-325.

Bay, S.M., P.S. Oshida, K.D. Jenkins. 1983. A simple new bioassay based on echinochrome synthesis by larval sea urchins. Marine Environmental Research 8:29-39.

Book Chapters

Schiff, K.C., M.J. Allen, E.Y. Zeng, S.M. Bay. 2000. Southern California. in: C.R.C. Sheppard (ed.), Seas at the Millenium: An Environmental Evaluation - Volume I: Regional Chapters: Europe, The Americas and West Africa pp. 385-404. Elsevier Science. New York, NY.

Jirik, A., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, A. Zellers, S.L. Lau. 1998. Application of TIEs in studies of urban stormwater impacts on marine organisms. in: E.E. Little, A.J. DeLonay, B.M. Greenberg (eds.), Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Seventh Volume pp. 284-298. American Society for Testing and Materials. West Conshohocken, PA.

Bay, S.M., R. Burgess, D. Nacci. 1993. Status and applications of Echinoid (Phylum echinodermata) Toxicity test methods. in: W.G. Landis, J.S. Hughes, M.A. Lewis (eds.), Environmental Toxicology & Risk Assessment pp. 281-302. American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia, PA.

Schiff, K.C., D.J. Reish, J.W. Anderson, S.M. Bay. 1992. A comparative evaluation of produced water toxicity. in: J.P. Ray, F.R. Engelhart (eds.), Produced Water pp. 199-207. Plenum Press. New York, NY.

Technical Reports

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A.N. Parks. 2018. Spatial and Temporal Variability in Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations. Technical Report 1014. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., A.N. Parks, A.R. Melwani, B.K. Greenfield. 2017. Development of a Sediment Quality Assessment Framework for Human Health Effects. Technical Report 1000. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Denslow, N., K. Kroll, S. Jayasinghe, O. Adeyemo, C. Lavelle, E. Li, A.C. Mehinto, S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya. 2017. Linkage of In Vitro Assay Results With In Vivo Endpoints Final Report - Phase 1 and 2. Technical Report 983. San Francisco Estuary Institute. Richmond, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A.N. Parks, C.Q.T. Zeeman. 2016. Assessment of Bioaccumulation in San Diego Bay. Technical Report 953. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., L. Wiborg, D.J. Greenstein, N. Haring, C. Pottios, C. Stransky, K.C. Schiff. 2015. Southern California Bight 2013 Regional Monitoring Program. Volume I - Sediment Toxicity Report. Technical Report 899. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2013. Sediment Quality Assessment Technical Support Manual. Technical Report 777. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, S.L. Moore, K.J. Ritter, J.A. Ranasinghe. 2013. Evaluation of Sediment Condition Using California's Sediment Quality Objectives Assessment Framework. Technical Report 764. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., C.D. Vulpe, A.V. Loguinov, A. Arai. 2012. Application of Gene Expression Analysis for Sediment Toxicity Stressor Identification. Technical Report 660. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., C.D. Vulpe, A.V. Loguinov, A. Arai. 2012. Application of Gene Expression Analysis for Sediment Toxicity Stressor Identification (Appendices B-D). Technical Report 660.Z. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay. 2011. Temporal Assessment of Chemistry, Toxicity and Benthic Communities in Sediments at the Mouths of Chollas Creek and Paleta Creek, San Diego Bay. Technical Report 668. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, M.E. Baker, K.A. Maruya, J.R. Gully. 2011. Sources and Effects of Endocrine Disruptors and other Contaminants of Emerging Concern in the Southern California Bight Coastal Ecosystem. Technical Report 650. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, M. Jacobe, C. Barton, K. Sakamoto, D. Young, K.J. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2011. Southern California Bight 2008 Regional Monitoring Program: I. Sediment Toxicity. Technical Report 640. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, D. Young. 2011. Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluation for the Mouths of Chollas and Paleta Creeks, San Diego. Technical Report 669. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao. 2010. Toxicity Identification Evaluation of Sediment (Sediment TIE) in Ballona Creek Estuary: Final Report. Technical Report 634. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual. Technical Report 582. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix A). Technical Report 582.A. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix B). Technical Report 582.B. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix C). Technical Report 582.C. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix D). Technical Report 582.D. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Barnett, A.M., S.M. Bay, K.J. Ritter, S.L. Moore, S.B. Weisberg. 2007. Sediment quality in California bays and estuaries. Technical Report 522. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, D. Young. 2007. Evaluation of methods for measuring sediment toxicity in California bays and estuaries. Technical Report 503. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay. 2005. Assessment of best management practice (BMP) effectiveness. Technical Report 461. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., T. Mikel, K.C. Schiff, S. Mathison, B. Hester, D. Young, D.J. Greenstein. 2005. Southern California Bight 2003 Regional Monitoring Program: I. Sediment Toxicity. Technical Report 451. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Sutula, M., S.M. Bay, G. Santolo, R. Zembal. 2005. Organochlorine and trace metal contaminants in the food web of the light-footed clapper rail, Upper Newport Bay, California. Technical Report 467. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.S. Brown. 2004. Newport Bay sediment toxicity studies. Technical Report 433. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.S. Brown. 2003. Chemistry and toxicity in Rhine Channel sediments. Technical Report 391. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.S. Brown. 2003. Organophosphorus pesticides in the Malibu Creek watershed. Technical Report 403. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, D. Vidal, D. Schlenk. 2003. Investigation of metals toxicity in San Diego Creek. Technical Report 407. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein. 2002. Preliminary characterization of sediment toxicity in the Chollas Creek Channel. Technical Report 362. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D. Vidal, D. Schlenk. 2002. Effects of selenium accumulation on larval rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss). Technical Report 373. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Tiefenthaler, L.L., K.C. Schiff, S.M. Bay. 2001. Characteristics of parking lot runoff produced by simulated rain. Technical Report 343. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay, D.W. Diehl. 2001. Stormwater toxicity in Chollas Creek and San Diego Bay. Technical Report 340. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay, D.W. Diehl. 2001. Stormwater toxicity in Chollas Creek and San Diego Bay. Technical Report 340.A. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D. Lapota, J. Anderson, J. Armstrong, T. Mikel, A. Jirik, S. Asato. 2000. Southern California Bight 1998 Regional Monitoring Program: IV. Sediment Toxicity. Technical Report 339. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.S. Brown. 2000. Assessment of the MTBE discharge impacts on California marine water quality. Technical Report 319. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., B.H. Jones, K.C. Schiff. 1999. Study of the impact of stormwater discharge on Santa Monica Bay. Technical Report 317. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A.W. Jirik, J.S. Brown. 1998. Southern California Bight 1994 Pilot Project: VI. Sediment toxicity. Technical Report 309. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., K.C. Schiff, D.J. Greenstein, L.L. Tiefenthaler. 1997. Stormwater runoff effects on Santa Monica Bay: toxicity, sediment quality, and benthic community impacts. Technical Report 300. Conference Proceedings for California and the World Ocean '98.

Lau, S.-L., M.K. Stenstrom, S.M. Bay. 1994. Assessment of storm drain sources of contaminants to Santa Monica Bay. Volume V, Toxicity of Dry Weather Urban Runoff. Technical Report 282. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.S. Brown, A. Jirik. 1994. Investigation of toxicity in Palos Verdes sediments. Technical Report 286. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, V. Raco-Rands, J.W. Anderson. 1989. Responses of marine organisms to wastewater: comparisons between species and effluent types. Technical Report 253.C.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein. 1988. Results of recent wastewater toxicity tests. Technical Report 224. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.E. Hose. 1988. Development and testing of sea urchin embryo test methods for use in nationwide monitoring of marine and estuarine environments. Technical Report 219. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Anderson, J.W., S.M. Bay, B.E. Thompson. 1988. Characteristics and effects of contaminated sediments from southern California. Technical Report 223. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein. 1987. Evaluation of bioassay methods for red abalone, mysid shirmp and giant kelp. Technical Report 210. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, R.W. Gossett. 1985. Using the natural detoxification capacities of marine organisms to assess assimilative capacity. Technical Report 182.A. American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia, PA.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, B.E. Thompson. 1985. Review of bioassay/bioaccumulation techniques. Technical Report 188. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Annual Report Articles

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., R.C. Colli-Dula, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, L. Wiborg, D. Petschauer, N.D. Denslow. 2013. Gene expression of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed to two types of treated municipal wastewater effluents. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2013 Annual Report pp. 137-151. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, C. Ribecco, L.J. Sprague, M. Angert, C. Ludka, O. Carnevali, D.J. Greenstein, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, J.A. Reyes, S. Snyder, B. Vanderford, L.C. Wiborg, D. Petschauer, R. Sasik, M. Baker, G. Hardiman. 2013. Genomic and phenotypic response of hornyhead turbot exposed to municipal wastewater effluents. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2013 Annual Report pp. 153-168. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, D. Young, S. Asato, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao. 2013. The use of sediment toxicity identification evaluation methods to evaluate clean-up targets in an urban estuary. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2013 Annual Report pp. 169-181. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Reyes, J.A., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, D. Schlenk, S.M. Bay, J.L. Armstrong, J.R. Gully, C. Cash, M. Baker, T.D. Stebbins, G. Hardiman, K.M. Kelley. 2012. Evaluation of reproductive endocrine status in hornyhead turbot sampled from southern California's urbanized coastal environments. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2012 Annual Report pp. 227-242. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Maruya, K.A., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, S.M. Bay, J.W. Kwon, K. Xia, K.L. Armbrust. 2011. Organic contaminants of emerging concern in sediments and flatfish collected near outfalls discharging treated municipal wastewater effluent to the Southern California Bight. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 365-373. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay. 2011. Selection of methods for assessing sediment toxicity in California bays and estuaries. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 119-136. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, K.A. Maruya, J.R. Gully. 2011. Integrated coastal effects study: Synthesis of findings. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 335-350. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.R. Gully, D.J. Greenstein, P.J. Markle, J.A. Ranasinghe. 2011. Relationship of sediment toxicity to benthic community impacts and water body management decisions. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 137-148. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, M. Jacobe, C. Barton, K. Sakamoto, D. Young, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2011. Regional assessment of marine and estuarine sediment toxicity in southern California. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 237-247. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Lao, W., L.L. Tiefenthaler, D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, S.M. Bay, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2011. Pyrethroids in southern California coastal sediments. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 249-260. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Forsgren, K.L., S.M. Bay, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, X. Deng, G. Lu, J. Armstrong, J.R. Gully, D. Schlenk. 2011. Annual and seasonal evaluation of reproductive status in hornyhead turbot at municipal wastewater outfalls in the Southern California Bight. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 375-388. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya, S.A. Snyder, R.A. Trenholm, B.J. Vanderford. 2011. Contaminants of emerging concern in municipal wastewater effluents and marine receiving water. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 351-364. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, M.A. Mays, D.J. Greenstein, D. Young, J. Wolf, D. Pham, A.V. Loguinov, C. Vulpe. 2011. Using gene expression to assess the status of fish from anthropogenically influenced estuarine wetlands. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 149-162. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, M.A. Mays, D.J. Greenstein, D. Young, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley. 2010. Biological responses of marine flatfish exposed to effluent. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2010 Annual Report pp. 239-250. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Lao, W., D. Tsukada, D.J. Greenstein, S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya. 2009. Analysis, occurrence, and toxic potential of pyrethroids and fipronil in sediments from the Ballona Creek estuary. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2009 Annual Report pp. 277-289. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Kwon, J.W., K.L. Armbrust, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, S.M. Bay, K. Xia. 2009. Determination of 17α-ethynylestradiol, carbamazepine, diazepam, simvastatin, and oxybenzone in fish livers. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2009 Annual Report pp. 291-303. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Baker, M.E., B. Ruggeri, J. Sprague, C. Eckhardt, J. Lapira, I. Wick, L. Soverchia, M. Ubaldi, A.M. Polzonetti-Magni, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, S.M. Bay, J.R. Gully, J.A. Reyes, K.M. Kelley, D. Schlenk, E.C. Breen, R. Sasik, G. Hardiman. 2008. Analysis of endocrine disruption in southern California coastal fish using an aquatic multi-species microarray. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 65-78. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Maruya, K.A., E.Y. Zeng, D. Tsukada, S.M. Bay. 2008. A passive sampler based on solid phase microextraction (SPME) for quantifying hydrophobic organic contaminants in sediment porewater. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 39-49. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Ritter, K.J., S.M. Bay, R.W. Smith, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, L.J. Field. 2008. Development and evaluation of sediment quality guidelines based on benthic macrofauna responses. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 91-105. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., K.J. Ritter, D.E. Vidal-Dorsch, L.J. Field. 2008. Comparison of national and regional sediment quality guidelines for classifying sediment toxicity in California. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 79-90. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Barnett, A.M., S.M. Bay, K.J. Ritter, S.L. Moore, S.B. Weisberg. 2008. Sediment quality in California bays and estuaries. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 187-198. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., S.B. Weisberg. 2008. A framework for interpreting sediment quality triad data. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 175-185. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Kayhanian, M., C. Stransky, S.M. Bay, S. Lau, M.K. Stenstrom. 2007. Toxicity of urban highway runoff with respect to storm duration. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2007 Annual Report pp. 109-128. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., W. Berry, P. Chapman, R. Fairey, T. Gries, E. Long, D. MacDonald, S.B. Weisberg. 2007. Evaluating consistency of best professional judgment in the application of a multiple lines of evidence sediment quality triad. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2007 Annual Report pp. 259-267. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay. 2006. Assessment of Best Management Practice (BMP) effectiveness for reducing toxicity in urban runoff. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2005-06 Biennial Report pp. 207-225. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Vidal, D., S.M. Bay, D. Schlenk. 2006. Effects of dietary Selenomethionine on larval Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2005-06 Biennial Report pp. 173-179. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, B. Anderson, G.T. Chandler, J.D. Farrar, C. Keppler, B. Phillips, A. Ringwood, D. Young. 2006. Comparison of methods for acute and chronic toxicity in marine sediments. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2005-06 Biennial Report pp. 277-292. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Vidal, D.E., S.M. Bay. 2004. Comparison of sediment quality guideline performance for predicting sediment toxicity in southern California. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2003-04 Biennial Report pp. 125-138. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, J.S. Brown. 2004. Characterization of sediment toxicity in Newport Bay. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2003-04 Biennial Report pp. 139-148. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., L.L. Tiefenthaler, S.M. Bay. 2003. Toxicity of parking lot runoff after simulated rainfall. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2001-02 Biennial Report pp. 199-208. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay. 2003. Impacts of stormwater discharges on the nearshore benthic environment of Santa Monica Bay. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2001-02 Biennial Report pp. 234-245. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay, D.W. Diehl. 2003. Stormwater toxicity in Chollas Creek and San Diego Bay, California. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2001-02 Biennial Report pp. 224-233. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Tiefenthaler, L.L., K.C. Schiff, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 2003. Effect of antecedent dry periods on the accumulation of potential pollutants on parking lot surfaces using simulated rainfall. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2001-02 Biennial Report pp. 216-223. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, A.W. Jirik, J.S. Brown, C. Alexander. 2001. Toxicity assessment of sediment cores from Santa Monica Bay. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 143-153. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Zeng, E.Y., S.M. Bay, K. Tran, C. Alexander. 2001. Temporal and spatial distributions of contaminants in sediments of Santa Monica Bay, California. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 96-113. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Jirik, A.W., S.M. Bay, S. Asato. 2001. Interlaboratory comparison of sediment toxicity tests with the amphipod Eohaustorius estuarius. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 296-303. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.S. Brown, D.J. Greenstein, A.W. Jirik. 2001. Toxicity of methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) to California marine life. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 136-142. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, W.R. Ray. 2001. Concentrations of methyl-tert butyl ether (MTBE) in inputs and receiving waters of southern California. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 125-134. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schiff, K.C., S.M. Bay, C. Stransky. 2001. Characterization of stormwater toxicants from an urban watershed to freshwater and marine organisms. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 71-84. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay. 1999. Biomarkers of contaminant exposure and effect in flatfish from southern California. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1997-1998 Annual Report pp. 62-67. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schweitzer, L., S.M. Bay. 1999. Bioaccumulation, maternal transfer, and sublethal effects of a PCB in the sea urchin, Lytechinus pictus. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1997-1998 Annual Report pp. 68-74. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Schweitzer, L., S.M. Bay. 1997. Relative toxicity of PCB congeners to sea urchin embryos. in: S.B. Weisberg, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1996 Annual Report pp. 90-95. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Zeng, E., S.M. Bay, C. Vista, C. Yu, D.J. Greenstein. 1997. Bioaccumulation and toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls in sea urchins exposed to contaminated sediments. in: S.B. Weisberg, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1996 Annual Report pp. 79-89. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., K.C. Schiff. 1997. Impacts of stormwater discharges on the nearshore environment of Santa Monica Bay. in: S.B. Weisberg, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1996 Annual Report pp. 105-118. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A. Jirik, A. Zellers. 1997. Toxicity of stormwater from Ballona and Malibu Creeks. in: S.B. Weisberg, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1996 Annual Report pp. 96-104. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S. Alzadjali, S.M. Bay. 1996. Toxicity of ammonia to purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) embryos. in: M.J. Allen, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1994-95 Annual Report pp. 72-77. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M. 1996. Sediment toxicty on the Mainland Shelf of the Southern California Bight in 1994. in: M.J. Allen, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1994-95 Annual Report pp. 128-136. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, P. Szalay, D.A. Brown. 1985. Biological effects of cadmium detoxification. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 269-285. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, G.P. Hershelman, C.F. Ward, D.A. Brown. 1985. The effectiveness of cadmium detoxification by scorpionfish. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 253-266. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, P. Szalay, G.P. Hershelman, C.F. Ward, A.M. Westcott, D.J. Greenstein. 1985. Metal and organic detoxification/toxification in fish livers and gonads. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 195-209. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 1985. Summary of the cadmium detoxification experiment. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 247-251. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Oshida, P.S., S.M. Bay, A. Haeckl, T.K. Goochey, D.J. Greenstein. 1983. Seawater and wastewater toxicity studies. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1981-82 Biennial Report pp. 217-223. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., K.D. Jenkins, P.S. Oshida. 1983. A new bioassay based on echinochrome pigment synthesis. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1981-82 Biennial Report pp. 205-215. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., E.M. Perkins, K.D. Jenkins, P.S. Oshida, S.M. Bay, J.F. Alfafara, V. Raco-Rands. 1983. Seasonal changes in mussels. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1981-82 Biennial Report pp. 179-192. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., J.F. Alfafara, S.M. Bay, G.P. Hershelman, K.D. Jenkins, P.S. Oshida, K. Rosenthal. 1983. Metal detoxification and spillover in scorpionfish. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1981-82 Biennial Report pp. 193-199. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.