Dr. Faycal Kessouri
Dr. Fayçal Kessouri is a senior scientist in SCCWRP’s Biogeochemistry Department, specializing in numerical ocean modeling. His present research efforts focus on understanding the impact of physical dynamics on coastal biogeochemistry and lower trophic ecosystem. He is currently focusing on investigations of regional impact of terrestrial and atmospheric inputs and large-scale upwelling variability on acidification, deoxygenation and harmful algal blooms within the California Current System along the North American West Coast.
These investigations are proceeding through a SCCWRP collaboration with the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Washington, through a program to develop, validate and downscale an integrated earth systems model (Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) and the Biogeochemical Elemental Cycle (BEC)), with applications in coastal carbon and nutrient biogeochemistry, local pollution impact assessment, and marine vulnerability assessments.
Previous research experience includes multiple programs of observational campaigns and numerical modeling in the Mediterranean Sea, studying the deep convection process, fronts and eddies dynamics, and their impact on nutrient distribution and plankton responses. His Mediterranean Sea projects include: (1) Dewex, a regional deep-ocean experiment in the northwest, (2) MOOSE, a long-term survey of the evolution of the northwest deep sea, (3) Amico Bio, a study investigating the effects of implementing different open boundary conditions on regional 3D biogeochemical ocean models, and (4) SIMED, a whole-basin-scale physical biogeochemical modeling effort to study long-term budgets. His computer modeling work includes calibration and development of the oxygen compartment for the biogeochemical model Eco3mS, which has been used for different Mediterranean plankton ecosystem studies. During this work, he was involved in coupling Eco3mS with the physical model SYMPHONIE for the small scale at very high resolution, and with NemoMed12 for larger-scale and lower resolution. He also coupled Eco3mS to the physical model NEMO.
He received his M.S in oceanography from University Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris in 2012 and Ph.D. in oceanography from the University of Toulouse Paul Sabatier in 2015. He joined SCCWRP in 2016.
Ph.D., oceanography, University of Toulouse Paul Sabatier, France, 2015
M.Sc., oceanography, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France, 2012
Engineer, marine environment, University of Algiers, Algeria, 2008
B.A., sciences, Algiers, Algeria, 2003
Senior Scientist, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA. 2019-present
Scientist, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA. 2018-2019
Post-doctoral researcher, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA. 2015-2018
Research assistant, Laboratoire d’Aerologie, CNRS. Toulouse, France. 2012-2015
Ocean biogeochemist, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche-sur-Mer, CNRS. Villefranche-Sur-Mer, France. 2012
GIS, Water and sanitation company. Algiers, Algeria. 2008
Selected Presentations and Conference Proceedings
Kessouri, F.; McWilliams, J.; Sutula, M.; Renault, L.; Deutsch, C.; McLaughlin, K.; Frenzel, H.; Bianchi, D.; Feely, R.; Bednaršek, N.; Alin, S.; Ambrose, R. F.; Gold, M.; Weisberg, S.; Integrated model of ocean acidification and hypoxia to support ecosystem prediction and environmental management in the California Current ecosystem. 2017. Honolulu.
Faycal Kessouri, James McWilliams, Daniele Bianchi, Lionel Renault, Curtis Deutsch, Hartmut Frenzel. Submesoscale Modeling of the Biogeochemical Dynamics in the California Current Ecosystem. EPOC 2017, South Lake Tahoe.
Fayçal Kessouri, James McWilliams, Daniele Bianchi, Martha Sutula, Curtis Deutsch, Karen McLaughlin, Lionel Renault, Hartmut Frenzel, Simone Alin, Richard Feely, Stephen Weisberg. Modeling the impact of anthropogenic emissions on the California Current Ecosystem. CERF 2017, Rhode Island.
Daniele Bianchi, James McWilliams, Fayçal Kessouri, Curtis Deutsch, Lionel Renault, Hartmut Frenzel, Martha Sutula. Role of submesoscale processes on the biogeochemistry of the California Current Ecosystem. CERF 2017, Rhode Island.
Kessouri, F., C. Ulses, C. Estournel, P. Marsaleix. 2015. Study of the plankton ecosystem variability using a coupled hydrodynamics biogeochemical modelling in the Mediterranean Sea. EGU conference, Vienna, Austria.
Kessouri, F., C. Ulses, C. Estournel, P. Marsaleix, F. D’Ortenzio, L. Prieur, N. Mayot, O.P. de Fommervault. 2015. Study of the plankton ecosystem variability using Modelling and BioArgo floats deployment in the Mediterranean Sea. 5th Euro Argo Users Workshop, Brest, France.
Kessouri, F., C. Ulses, C. Estournel, P. Marsaleix. 2014. Response of the plankton ecosystem to the north western Mediterranean Sea: The plankton seasonal cycle and the role of the convection for the POC flux. Ocean Sciences meeting, ASLO, Honolulu, HI.
Kessouri, F., C. Ulses, C. Estournel, P. Marsaleix. 2013. Response of the plankton ecosystem to the deep convection in the western Mediterranean Sea, Modeling and Observations. CIESM Conference, Marseille, France.
De Fommervaut, O., C. Migon, A. Dufour, F. D’Ortenzio, F. Kessouri, P. Raimbault, N. Garcia, V. Lagadec and C. Estournel. 2015. Atmospheric input of inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus to the Ligurian Sea: Data from the Cap Ferrat coastal time-series station. Deep Sea Research II.
Estournel C., P. Testor , P. Damien , F. D’Ortenzio, P. Marsaleix, P. Conan, F. Kessouri, X. Durrieu de Madron, L. Coppola, J.M. Lellouche, S. Belamari, L. Mortier, C. Ulses, M.N. Bouin, and L. Prieur (2016b), High resolution modeling of dense water formation in the north-western Mediterranean during winter 2012-2013: Processes and budget, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 5367–5392, doi:10.1002/2016JC011935.
Kessouri, F., C. Ulses, P. Marsaleix, C. Estournel, Dewex Group. In review. Vertical mixing effects on phytoplankton dynamics and organic carbon export in the western Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans.
Kessouri, F., C. Estournel, C. Ulses, P. Marsaleix, Dewex Group. In review. Nitrogen and phosphorus budgets in the western Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans.
Severin, T., F. Kessouri, M. Rembauville, et al. (2017), Open-ocean convection process: A driver of the winter nutrient supply and the spring phytoplankton distribution in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea, J.Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012664. (2017), Open-ocean convection process: A driver of the winter nutrient supply and the spring phytoplankton distribution in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012664.
Severin, T., C. Sauret, M. Boutrif, T. Duhaut, F. Kessouri, L. Oriol, J. Caparros, M. Pujo-Pay, X. Durrieu de Madron, M. Garel, C. Tamburini, P. Conan, J.F. Ghiglione. In press. Impact of an intense water column mixing (0-1500m) on prokaryotic 1 diversity and activities during an open-ocean convection event in the NW Mediterranean Sea. Environmental Microbiology.
Ulses, C., P.-A. Auger, K. Soetaert, P. Marsaleix, F. Diaz, L. Coppola, M.Herrmann, F. Kessouri, and C. Estournel (2016), Budget of organic carbon in the North-Western Mediterranean Open Sea over the period 2004-2008 using 3D coupled physical biogeochemical modeling, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 7026–7055, doi:10.1002/2016JC011818.