Darrin Greenstein

Laboratory Coordinator
Toxicology

Darrin J. Greenstein is SCCWRP’s Laboratory Coordinator. He is responsible for sample tracking and distribution, as well as day-to-day operations of the toxicology laboratory and laboratory safety. Greenstein received a B.S. in marine biology from California State University, Long Beach in 1981. He joined SCCWRP in February 1982. His current focus is on the use and enhancement of sediment toxicity identification evaluation methods and the effects of ocean acidification on toxicity to marine organisms.

Education

B.S., Marine Biology, California State University, Long Beach, 1981

A.S., Marine Biology, Long Beach City College, 1979

Areas of Expertise

Greenstein specializes in the planning and execution of sediment and water bioassays using marine and freshwater species. He is in charge of the day-to-day operations of SCCWRP's Toxicology laboratory. Greenstein has over 35 years of experience working in the Toxicology laboratory. During that time, he has been involved in the development of water and sediment bioassays that are used throughout the western United States. He has worked on numerous projects studying the effects of contaminants on both fish and invertebrates. In addition, he performs statistical analysis of data produced by the toxicology department and has writes reports and publications. Currently, his work focuses on the use and enhancement of sediment toxicity identification evaluations and the effects of ocean acidification on toxicity to marine organisms . In addition to his duties in Toxicology Department, Darrin also serves as the Laboratory Coordinator for SCCWRP. His responsibilities include sample tracking and distribution for multiple projects and maintaining safe practices within all SCCWRP laboratories.

Professional Experience

Laboratory Coordinator, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA. 1982-Present

Benthic Invertebrate Sorter, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts. Carson, CA. 1982

Professional Societies and Certifications

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Publications


Journal Articles

Greenstein, D.J., A.N. Parks, S.M. Bay. 2018. Using spatial and temporal variability data to optimize sediment toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) study designs. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 15:248-258.

Schiff, K.C., L.L. Tiefenthaler, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 2016. Effects of Rainfall Intensity and Duration on the First Flush from Parking Lots. Water 8:320.

Schiff, K.C., D.J. Greenstein, N. Dodder, D.J. Gillett. 2015. Southern California Bight regional monitoring. Regional Studies in Marine Science 4:34-46.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, D.L. Young, S. Asato, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao. 2014. The use of sediment toxicity identification evaluation methods to evaluate clean up targets in an urban estuary. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 10:260-268.

Vidal- Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, M.E. Baker, G. Hardiman, J.A. Reyes, K.M. Kelley, D. Schlenk. 2014. Biological responses of marine flatfish exposed to municipal wastewater effluent. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33:583-591.

Dorsch, D.E., R.C. Colli-Dula, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, L. Wilborg, D. Petschauer, N.D. Denslow. 2013. Gene expression of fathead minnows exposed to two types of treated municipal wastewater effluents. Environmental Science and Technology 47:11268-11277.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, C. Ribecco, L.J. Sprague, M. Angert, C. Ludka, E. Ricciardelli, O. Carnevali, D.J. Greenstein, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, J.A. Reyes, S. Snyder, B. Vanderford, L.C. Wiborg, D. Petschauer, R. Sasik, M. Baker, G. Hardiman. 2013. Genomic and phenotypic response of hornyhead turbot exposed to municipal wastewater effluents. Aquatic Research 140-141:174-184.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, M. Jacobe, C. Barton, K. Sakamoto, D. Young, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2013. Regional assessment of marine and estuarine sediment toxicity in Southern California, USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185:2055-2065.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay. 2012. Selection of methods for assessing sediment toxicity in California bays and estuaries. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 8:625-637.

Lao, W., L.L. Tiefenthaler, D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, S.M. Bay, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2012. Pyrethroids in southern California coastal sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31:1649-1656.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, M.A. Mays, D.J. Greenstein, D. Young, J.C. Wolf, D. Pham, A.V. Loguinov, C. Vulpe. 2012. Using gene expression to assess the status of fish from anthropogenically influenced estuarine wetlands. Environmental Science and Technology 46:69-77.

Lao, W., D. Tsukada, D.J. Greenstein, S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya. 2010. Analysis, occurrence, and toxic potential of pyrethroids, and fibronil in sediments from an urban estuary. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29:843-851.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, B. Anderson, G.T. Chandler, J.D. Farrar, C. Keppler, B. Phillips, A. Ringwood, D. Young. 2008. Comparison of methods for evaluating acute and chronic toxicity in marine sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27:933-944.

Yang, Z.Y., K.A. Maruya, D.J. Greenstein, D. Tsukada, E.Y. Zeng. 2008. Experimental verification of a model describing solid phase microextraction (SPME) of freely dissolved organic pollutants in sediment porewater. Chemosphere 72:1435-1440.

Schiff, K.C., J.S. Brown, D.W. Diehl, D.J. Greenstein. 2007. Extent and magnitude of copper contamination in marinas of the San Diego region, California, USA. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54:322-328.

Yang, Z.Y., D.J. Greenstein, E.Y. Zeng, K.A. Maruya. 2007. Determination of poly(dimethyl)siloxane-water partition coefficients for selected hydrophobic organic chemicals using 14C-labeled analogs. Journal of Chromatography A 1148:23-30.

Greenstein, D.J., L.L. Tiefenthaler, S.M. Bay. 2004. Toxicity of parking lot runoff after application of simulated rainfall. Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 47:199-206.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, A. Jirik, J.S. Brown, C. Alexander. 2003. Toxicity assessment of sediment cores from Santa Monica Bay, California. Marine Environmental Research 56:277-297.

Zeng, E.Y., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, C. Vista, C. Yu, K. Ritter. 2003. Toxic effects of polychlorinated biphenyl bioaccumulation in sea urchins exposed to contaminated sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22:1065-1074.

Roy, L.A., S. Steinert, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, Y. Sapozhnikova, O. Bawardi, I. Leifer, D. Schlenk. 2003. Biochemical effects of petroleum exposure in hornyhead turbot (pleuronichthys verticalis) exposed to a gradient of sediments collected from a natural petroleum seep in California, USA. Aquatic Toxicology 65:159-169.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, W. Ray. 2001. Concentrations of methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in inputs and receiving waters of southern California. Marine Pollution Bulletin 42:957-966.

Greenstein, D.J., L.L. Tiefenthaler. 1997. Reproduction and population dynamics of Grandidierella japonica (Stephensen) (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in upper Newport Bay, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 96:34-42.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, S.L. Lau, M.K. Stenstrom, C.G. Kelley. 1996. Toxicity of dry weather flow from the Santa Monica Bay watershed. Bulletin of Southern California Academy of Sciences 95:33-45.

Thompson, B., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, J. Laughlin. 1991. Sublethal effects of hydrogen sulfide in sediments on the urchin Lytechinus pictus. Marine Environmental Research 31:309-321.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, P. Szalay, D.A. Brown. 1990. Exposure of scorpionfish (Scorpaena guttata) to cadmium: biochemical effects of chronic exposure. Aquatic Toxicology 16:311-320.

Nipper, M.G., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 1989. Short-and long-term sediment toxicity test methods with the amphipod Grandidierella japonica. Environmental Toxicology Chemistry 8:1191-1200.

Thompson, B.E., S.M. Bay, J.W. Anderson, J.D. Laughlin, D.J. Greenstein, D.T. Tsukada. 1989. Chronic effects of contaminated sediments on the urchin Lytechinus pictus. Environmental Toxicology Chemistry 8:629-637.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, P. Szalay, G.P. Hershelman, C.F. Ward, A.M. Westcott, J.N. Cross. 1987. Municipal wastewater contamination in the southern California Bight. Part II. Cystolic distribution of biochemical effects in fish livers. Marine Environmental Research 21:135-161.

Book Chapters

Jirik, A., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, A. Zellers, S.L. Lau. 1998. Application of TIEs in studies of urban stormwater impacts on marine organisms. in: E.E. Little, A.J. DeLonay, B.M. Greenberg (eds.), Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Seventh Volume pp. 284-298. American Society for Testing and Materials. West Conshohocken, PA.

Bay, S.M., K.C. Schiff, D.J. Greenstein, L.L. Tiefenthaler. 1997. Stormwater Runoff of Santa Monica Bay: Toxicity, Sediment Quality, and Benthic Community Impacts. in: O.T. Magoon, H. Converse, B. Baird, M. Miller-Henson (eds.), California and the World Ocean '97 pp. 900-921. American Society of Civil Engineers. Reston, VA.

Technical Reports

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A.N. Parks. 2018. Spatial and Temporal Variability in Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations. Technical Report 1014. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Schiff, K.C., D.J. Greenstein. 2016. Stormwater Monitoring Coalition Toxicity Testing Laboratory Guidance Document. Technical Report 956. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A.N. Parks, C.Q.T. Zeeman. 2016. Assessment of Bioaccumulation in San Diego Bay. Technical Report 953. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., L. Wiborg, D.J. Greenstein, N. Haring, C. Pottios, C. Stransky, K.C. Schiff. 2015. Southern California Bight 2013 Regional Monitoring Program. Volume I - Sediment Toxicity Report. Technical Report 899. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2013. Sediment Quality Assessment Technical Support Manual. Technical Report 777. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, S.L. Moore, K.J. Ritter, J.A. Ranasinghe. 2013. Evaluation of Sediment Condition Using California's Sediment Quality Objectives Assessment Framework. Technical Report 764. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, M. Jacobe, C. Barton, K. Sakamoto, D. Young, K.J. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2011. Southern California Bight 2008 Regional Monitoring Program: I. Sediment Toxicity. Technical Report 640. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, D. Young. 2011. Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluation for the Mouths of Chollas and Paleta Creeks, San Diego. Technical Report 669. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao. 2010. Toxicity Identification Evaluation of Sediment (Sediment TIE) in Ballona Creek Estuary: Final Report. Technical Report 634. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual. Technical Report 582. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix A). Technical Report 582.A. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix B). Technical Report 582.B. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix C). Technical Report 582.C. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.A. Ranasinghe, D.W. Diehl, A.E. Fetscher. 2009. Sediment quality assessment draft technical support manual (Appendix D). Technical Report 582.D. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, D. Young. 2007. Evaluation of methods for measuring sediment toxicity in California bays and estuaries. Technical Report 503. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., T. Mikel, K.C. Schiff, S. Mathison, B. Hester, D. Young, D.J. Greenstein. 2005. Southern California Bight 2003 Regional Monitoring Program: I. Sediment Toxicity. Technical Report 451. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.S. Brown. 2004. Newport Bay sediment toxicity studies. Technical Report 433. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, D. Vidal, D. Schlenk. 2003. Investigation of metals toxicity in San Diego Creek. Technical Report 407. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein. 2002. Preliminary characterization of sediment toxicity in the Chollas Creek Channel. Technical Report 362. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A.W. Jirik, J.S. Brown. 1998. Southern California Bight 1994 Pilot Project: VI. Sediment toxicity. Technical Report 309. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., K.C. Schiff, D.J. Greenstein, L.L. Tiefenthaler. 1997. Stormwater runoff effects on Santa Monica Bay: toxicity, sediment quality, and benthic community impacts. Technical Report 300. Conference Proceedings for California and the World Ocean '98.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.S. Brown, A. Jirik. 1994. Investigation of toxicity in Palos Verdes sediments. Technical Report 286. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, V. Raco-Rands, J.W. Anderson. 1989. Responses of marine organisms to wastewater: comparisons between species and effluent types. Technical Report 0239.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein. 1988. Results of recent wastewater toxicity tests. Technical Report 224. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, J.E. Hose. 1988. Development and testing of sea urchin embryo test methods for use in nationwide monitoring of marine and estuarine environments. Technical Report 219. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein. 1987. Evaluation of bioassay methods for red abalone, mysid shirmp and giant kelp. Technical Report 210. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Annual Report Articles

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., R.C. Colli-Dula, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, L. Wiborg, D. Petschauer, N.D. Denslow. 2013. Gene expression of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed to two types of treated municipal wastewater effluents. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2013 Annual Report pp. 137-151. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, C. Ribecco, L.J. Sprague, M. Angert, C. Ludka, O. Carnevali, D.J. Greenstein, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley, J.A. Reyes, S. Snyder, B. Vanderford, L.C. Wiborg, D. Petschauer, R. Sasik, M. Baker, G. Hardiman. 2013. Genomic and phenotypic response of hornyhead turbot exposed to municipal wastewater effluents. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2013 Annual Report pp. 153-168. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, D. Young, S. Asato, K.A. Maruya, W. Lao. 2013. The use of sediment toxicity identification evaluation methods to evaluate clean-up targets in an urban estuary. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2013 Annual Report pp. 169-181. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay. 2011. Selection of methods for assessing sediment toxicity in California bays and estuaries. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 119-136. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.R. Gully, D.J. Greenstein, P.J. Markle, J.A. Ranasinghe. 2011. Relationship of sediment toxicity to benthic community impacts and water body management decisions. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 137-148. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, M. Jacobe, C. Barton, K. Sakamoto, D. Young, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2011. Regional assessment of marine and estuarine sediment toxicity in southern California. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 237-247. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Lao, W., L.L. Tiefenthaler, D.J. Greenstein, K.A. Maruya, S.M. Bay, K. Ritter, K.C. Schiff. 2011. Pyrethroids in southern California coastal sediments. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 249-260. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, M.A. Mays, D.J. Greenstein, D. Young, J. Wolf, D. Pham, A.V. Loguinov, C. Vulpe. 2011. Using gene expression to assess the status of fish from anthropogenically influenced estuarine wetlands. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2011 Annual Report pp. 149-162. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Vidal-Dorsch, D.E., S.M. Bay, M.A. Mays, D.J. Greenstein, D. Young, D. Schlenk, K.M. Kelley. 2010. Biological responses of marine flatfish exposed to effluent. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2010 Annual Report pp. 239-250. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Lao, W., D. Tsukada, D.J. Greenstein, S.M. Bay, K.A. Maruya. 2009. Analysis, occurrence, and toxic potential of pyrethroids and fipronil in sediments from the Ballona Creek estuary. in: K.C. Schiff, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2009 Annual Report pp. 277-289. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Yang, Z.Y., K.A. Maruya, D.J. Greenstein, D. Tsukada, E.Y. Zeng. 2008. Experimental verification of a model describing solid phase microextraction (SPME) of freely dissolved organic pollutants in sediment porewater. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2008 Annual Report pp. 29-38. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Yang, Z.Y., D.J. Greenstein, E.Y. Zeng, K.A. Maruya. 2007. Determination of poly(dimethyl)siloxanewater partition coefficients for selected hydrophobic organic chemicals using 14C-labeled analogs. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2007 Annual Report pp. 269-279. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Schiff, K.C., J.S. Brown, D.W. Diehl, D.J. Greenstein. 2006. Extent and magnitude of copper contamination in marinas of the San Diego region, California. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2005-06 Biennial Report pp. 155-163. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, B. Anderson, G.T. Chandler, J.D. Farrar, C. Keppler, B. Phillips, A. Ringwood, D. Young. 2006. Comparison of methods for acute and chronic toxicity in marine sediments. in: S.B. Weisberg, K. Miller (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2005-06 Biennial Report pp. 277-292. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, J.S. Brown. 2004. Characterization of sediment toxicity in Newport Bay. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2003-04 Biennial Report pp. 139-148. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., L.L. Tiefenthaler, S.M. Bay. 2003. Toxicity of parking lot runoff after simulated rainfall. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2001-02 Biennial Report pp. 199-208. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Tiefenthaler, L.L., K.C. Schiff, S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 2003. Effect of antecedent dry periods on the accumulation of potential pollutants on parking lot surfaces using simulated rainfall. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 2001-02 Biennial Report pp. 216-223. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S.M. Bay, A.W. Jirik, J.S. Brown, C. Alexander. 2001. Toxicity assessment of sediment cores from Santa Monica Bay. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 143-153. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., J.S. Brown, D.J. Greenstein, A.W. Jirik. 2001. Toxicity of methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) to California marine life. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 136-142. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Brown, J.S., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein, W.R. Ray. 2001. Concentrations of methyl-tert butyl ether (MTBE) in inputs and receiving waters of southern California. in: S.B. Weisberg, D. Elmore (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1999-2000 Annual Report pp. 125-134. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Zeng, E., S.M. Bay, C. Vista, C. Yu, D.J. Greenstein. 1997. Bioaccumulation and toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls in sea urchins exposed to contaminated sediments. in: S.B. Weisberg, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1996 Annual Report pp. 79-89. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, A. Jirik, A. Zellers. 1997. Toxicity of stormwater from Ballona and Malibu Creeks. in: S.B. Weisberg, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1996 Annual Report pp. 96-104. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Greenstein, D.J., S. Alzadjali, S.M. Bay. 1996. Toxicity of ammonia to purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) embryos. in: M.J. Allen, C. Francisco, D. Hallock (eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1994-95 Annual Report pp. 72-77. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Westminster, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, P. Szalay, D.A. Brown. 1985. Biological effects of cadmium detoxification. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 269-285. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Bay, S.M., D.J. Greenstein, G.P. Hershelman, C.F. Ward, D.A. Brown. 1985. The effectiveness of cadmium detoxification by scorpionfish. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 253-266. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, P. Szalay, G.P. Hershelman, C.F. Ward, A.M. Westcott, D.J. Greenstein. 1985. Metal and organic detoxification/toxification in fish livers and gonads. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 195-209. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Brown, D.A., S.M. Bay, D.J. Greenstein. 1985. Summary of the cadmium detoxification experiment. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1983-84 Biennial Report pp. 247-251. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.

Oshida, P.S., S.M. Bay, A. Haeckl, T.K. Goochey, D.J. Greenstein. 1983. Seawater and wastewater toxicity studies. in: W. Bascom (ed.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project 1981-82 Biennial Report pp. 217-223. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Long Beach, CA.